The Faculty of Letters was founded together with the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, in 1860. Among its greatest teachers, there may be mentioned: V. A. Urechia, Alexandru I. Philippide, Titu Maiorescu, G. Ibrăileanu, Anton Naum, G. Pascu, Traian Bratu, Charles Drouhet, Th. Simenschy, Iorgu Iordan, Constantin Balmuş, G. Călinescu, Petru Caraman, Mihai Drăgan.
Through its structure and programmes, the Faculty assures the training of teachers in Letters, researchers in the philological field as well as specialists in Communication Science, Translation and Interpreting.
As for its teaching infrastructure, the institution owns a computer room, a video room, an Internet room, a multimedia laboratory and four language laboratories. The Letters library has a stock of over 150 000 volumes, more than 10 000 periodicals, 70 places in 3 readingrooms and has been computerized since 1997.